Access restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
undergraduate thesis
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS

Antonija Božić
Metadata
TitlePovijesni razvoj međunarodnih organizacija
AuthorAntonija Božić
Mentor(s)Ljubo Runjić (thesis advisor)
AbstractMeđunarodne organizacije su udruženja država koje se osnivaju temeljem ugovora, imaju svoj ustav i zajedničke organe, te posjeduju osobnost odvojenu od one država članica i subjekti su međunarodnog prava sa sposobnošću zaključivanja ugovora. Potreba za institucionalizacijom međunarodne suradnje javlja se u svim sredinama u kojima postoji više država među kojima postoje neke veze, bilo da su te veze gospodarske ili kulturne prirode. Prvi tragovi međunarodne suradnje mogu se naći kod drevnih civilizacija Mezopotamije, Kine, Egipta, Indije, Grčke i Rima, pa istraživanje o povijesti razvoja međunarodnih organizacija može obuhvatiti sva razdoblja od pojave prvih civilizacija pa sve do suvremenog doba. Razdoblje druge polovice devetnaestog stoljeća i prve polovice dvadesetog stoljeća smatra se razdobljem kada međunarodne organizacije polako dobivaju svoj suvremeni oblik, odnosno dolazi do velikih društvenih promjena u svim segmentima ljudskog života, intenzivira se i suradnja između država koja je uvjetovana razvojem i rastom industrije i trgovine, a shodnom tomu javlja se i potreba za regulacijom te suradnje na način da se na te međunarodne odnose svjesno utječe, te da se poduzimaju mjere za poboljšanjem tih odnosa. Završetkom Prvog svjetskog rata osniva se prva univerzalna međunarodna organizacija, Liga naroda, koja je kao glavnu zadaću imala sprečavanje ponavljanja užasa koji su zadesili Europu u Prvom svjetskom ratu. Liga naroda nije uspjela u svom iskonskom cilju, međutim ona je utrla put drugim modernim međunarodnim organizacijama, te je 1945. godine osnovana najveća univerzalna međunarodna organizacija Ujedinjeni narodi koja je najbliža idealu univerzalne međunarodne organizacije.
KeywordsInternational Organizations historical development League of Nations United Nations
Parallel title (English)HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS
Committee MembersVesna Jurin Bakotić (committee chairperson)
Ivan Malenica (committee member)
Ljubo Runjić (committee member)
GranterVeleučilište u Šibeniku
Lower level organizational unitsUprava
PlaceŠibenik
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineSOCIAL SCIENCES
Law
International Law
Study programme typeprofessional
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeUndergraduate study of Administrative Law
Academic title abbreviationbacc.admin.publ.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-07-08
Parallel abstract (English)International organisations are associations of countries which are founded on the basis of a contract, have theirown constitution and common institutions and posssess individuality separated from the one of the member states and are subjects of international law with the capacity of contract conclusion.The need for the institualisation of international cooperation is present in all the communinities where there are several countries that share certain connections, whether they are economical or cultural ones. The first traces of international cooperation can be found in ancient civilisations of Mesopotamia, China, Egypt, India, Greece and Rome, thus the reasearch about the history of development of international organisations could include all periods stretching from the beginnings of the first civilisations to the modern times.The period of the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century is considered to be the time when international organisations are starting to form their modern shape. Great social changes in all the segments of human life are starting to take place, the cooperation between countries which is conditioned by the development and the growth of industry and trade is intensifying and therefore the need for the regulation of that cooperation in a way that international relations are consciously being influenced upon and that measures for the improvment of those relations are being taken starts to occur.At the end of the World War I the first universal internationl organisation was founded, The League of Nations, whose main aim was to prevent the reoccurence of the horrors which befell Europe during the World war I. The League of Nations did not succeed in its primal goal, but it did pave the path for the other international organisations and in 1945 the greatest universal international organisation was founded, The United Nations, which is the nearest to the ideal of the universal international organisation.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)međunarodne organizacije povijesni razvoj Liga naroda Ujedinjeni narodi
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to higher education institution's students and staff
Terms of usehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/hr/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:143:525752
CommitterNives Paškov Milošević